Fibroid, also known medically as leimyoma uteri is a benign tumor that consists mainly of muscular fibrous tissue, forming in the muscle of the uterus. One or several fibroids may be present in fibroid complications. They are of various shapes and are firm and slow-growing. They may range in size from less than an inch to more than 1 foot. Types of fibroids include Intramural, which is the most common among all types of fibroids. The Subserosal Fibroids, located at the walls of the uterus (womb), while the Submucosal Fibroids are fibroids that develop on the muscle lining of the uterus’ wall. The Cervical Fibroid that develops on the cervix. The Pendunculated forms when a subserosal fibroid grows a stalk doing a twisted formation on the uterus. This type of fibroid is very painful. Lastly, the rarest fibroid among the others, the Parasitic uterine fibroid. Parasitic fibroids develop when it attaches itself to another organ. These different types of fibroids are often associated with uterine fibroids, myomas, or fibromyomas.
Developing these Fibroids is a common condition among women, but it is scientifically studied that these slow growing tumors hardly proceed to acute fibroid complications stage. It is estimated that 20 percent of women have fibroids before menopause begins. Women in the age of 30 to 50 are most likely to have fibroids or are diagnosed with fibroid symptoms. Obese women and those who are not physically active have a higher risk of having fibroids. Some estrogen booster tablets can also trigger the growth of fibroids.
Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
A fibroid produces no symptoms and is discovered only in a gynecological examination. That is why most women do not know that they already have fibroids developing inside of them. Possible symptoms that can lead to acute fibroid complications may include heavy menstrual bleeding or menorrhagia that is occasionally accompanied by chronic pain (dysmenorrhea). Fibroids can also inflict Anemia due to heavy periods and major loss of red blood cells. An extended complication to those with anemia would encounter frequent fatigue states, nausea, and dizziness.
If the fibroid mature and increases in size there are times that it tends to press onto the nerves of the spine thus creates backache, pain on the legs, thighs, and buttocks. The same with women who gets the symptoms of constipation, when the fibroid that is located at the back part of the uterus grows, complications builds up by the disturbance of the rectal area (the tip of the colon), that is just right behind the uterus. In addition, to those women who suffer from anemia due to fibroids they would most likely take iron supplements to combat there condition, however iron type supplements can also cause constipation.
Pain During Intercourse
Painful sex is also one of the symptoms that a woman with fibroid tumor encounters. When the fibroid develops on the cervix, penetrations may have that painful or uncomfortable feeling. A deeper soreness when a fibroid is irritated and is bleeding, this is commonly encountered on a more complicated stage.
If a fibroid causes pressure on the bladder, urination becomes more frequent. Swelling and discomfort of the lower abdomen and pelvis are also significant minor fibroid complications that can be subdued by medicines and pain relievers.
Fibroid may also cause sterility to a woman, which is a more serious case. It is very rare to have fibroids that mature on an acute complicated stage. Symptoms may just be an effect of how these benign tumors manifest in a woman’s body but if it progresses, and a woman is already experiencing 80% of all the symptoms, then she needs to see a doctor. Some irritated fibroid would complicate and develop into cancerous tumors. Pregnant women who have fibroids also have risks, like having a caesarian labor, having a breech positioning of the baby, placental abruption, and preterm deliveries. In some reported cases there are chances that the fetus of the pregnant woman who has a large fibroid on her uterus would have limb abnormalities, head deformities, congenital torticollis, and caudal. These laborers may also be a factor of repeated miscarriage.
Fibroids are said to increase its growth speed when a woman produces high estrogen levels. This could occur during pregnancies. That is why having a healthier balanced meal and a good lifestyle should be maintained during this stage in a woman’s life. In some cases, fibroids can grow to large sizes, large enough that it can already be felt through the abdominal wall. The biggest in recorded size of a fibroid was estimated to have the same size of melon.
Large fibroids may lead to infertility. Infertility cases are less likely to happen in regards to large fibroids but if it does, some minor complications might occur. Fertilized egg may prevent itself from sticking on the mother’s womb. Also, large fibroids might block the fallopian tube that inhibits the egg cell to pass through. Doctors allow surgical procedures of removing fibroids during pregnancy but only Subserosal Fibroids or those fibroids that are on the outer side of the walls of the uterus are found to be a hundred percent safe.
How does a fibroid form and is there a prevention? Each month the uterus increases in size in response to the sex hormones and then decreases at the time of menstruation. As soon as the woman’s body produces estrogen, the risk of having a fibroid begins. Fibroid likely forms when an area of muscle in the uterus fails to shrink with the rest of the uterus. Each month, the area grows slightly under the stimulus of hormones, and as the bulk increases, a fibroid is formed. After menopause, fibroids decrease in size due to depletion of estrogen and as the uterus becomes smaller.
In preventing fibroids, you can first check your family background of fibroid cases among the women in the family. If it is dominant, there is a 50 percent chance that you are going to have it too. To prevent that, you should educate yourself about fibroids, have yearly OB check-ups, and have a healthy lifestyle.